Нужно ли давать витамин D новорожденном

Нужно ли давать витамин D новорожденному

Универсального ответа на этот вопрос не существует, потому что давать или не давать новорожденному витамин D зависит от того, в каких условиях находится ваш ребенок.

Какое значение имеет витамин D для организма новорожденного

Витамин D относится к жирорастворимым витаминам и, как и другие витамины, является незаменимым для организма новорожденного. Он стимулирует всасывание кальция из кишечника в кровь. Также витамин D отвечает за встраивание кальция в костный скелет, а соответственно — за прочность костей ребенка. Присутствие витамина D в почках снижает потери кальция с мочой.

Чем опасна нехватка витамина D у новорожденного

При нехватке витамина D может развиться такое заболевание, как рахит у новорожденных. При рахите у ребенка могут наблюдаться нарушения в опорно-двигательном аппарате, гипотония, судороги, возбудимость и задержка развития в целом.

Первые признаки рахита у ребенка: раздражительность, плохой сон, облысение затылка, потливость, приводящая к раздражениям кожи. Более серьезными клиническими проявлениями заболевания являются пониженный тонус мышц, изменения скелета, «лягушачий живот» и нарушения пищеварительного тракта.

Когда нужно давать новорожденному витамин D

Новорожденный ребенок практически не обладает запасами витамина D, особенно это относится к недоношенным детям. Однако это не означает, что всем без исключения новорожденным нужно давать витамин D.

Так, если местность, в которой родился и проживает ребенок, не достаточно солнечная (а мы помним, что главный источник витамина D – солнце), то новорожденному необходимо давать витамин D. Также он понадобится, если ребенка по каким-либо причинам не выносят на улицу.

Если ребенок достаточно времени проводит на улице при солнечной погоде, дополнительно давать ему препараты витамина D не нужно. Также маме следует знать, что если ребенок находится на естественном вскармливании, то витамин D он получает с грудным молоком. Для детей на искусственном вскармливании витамин D добавляют в состав всех молочных смесей, поэтому давать его дополнительно нет необходимости.

Сколько витамина D нужно давать новорожденному

Только педиатр может и должен решать, как и когда назначать витамин D новорожденному. А задача родителей – строго следовать указаниям врача.

Как давать новорожденному витамин D

Если возникает необходимость дополнительно давать новорожденному витамин D, лучше, если его будет принимать мама (при условии, что ребенок находится на грудном вскармливании). В другом случае препарат витамина D назначается в виде капель. Давать его следует строго соблюдая назначения врача и инструкции по применению. Давайте витамин D новорожденному до полудня, чтобы в течение дня можно было понаблюдать за реакцией на препарат.

Ни в коем случае не капайте капли сразу в рот новорожденного, иначе, в случае ошибки с дозировкой, вы уже ничего не сможете исправить. Отмерьте нужное количество капель в чайную ложку, немного разбавьте кипяченой водой и дайте ребенку.

А вот что о рахите и витамине D говорит доктор Комаровский:

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133 thoughts on “Нужно ли давать витамин D новорожденном

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